M-1 RAIL is a non-profit organization formed in 2007 to lead the design, construction, and future operation of a 3.3-mile circulating streetcar along Woodward Avenue between Congress Street and West Grand Boulevard in Detroit, Michigan. M-1 RAIL is an unprecedented public-private partnership and model for regional collaboration Notably, the first major transit project being led and funded by both private businesses, philanthropic organizations, in partnership with local government, the State of Michigan, and U.S. Department of Transportation.

M-1 RAIL, was formed by private sector and philanthropic leaders in 2008, as a result of Super Bowl XL when the need for reliable transit alternatives became more evident, to provide connections to key Detroit destinations within the Downtown, Midtown and New Center areas. QLINE opened to the public on Friday, May 12, 2017. In its first week of operations, QLINE had nearly 50,000 riders, averaging more than 7,140 riders daily.